How the hair follicle develops
In this post I will talk about the structure of the scalp, of hair and how the hair follicle develops.
This is basic information, but you should not underestimate its importance: knowing them well will help you to use our program more efficiently and with greater awareness.
You will learn what you must do and exactly how to do it.
The scalp is the soft layer of skin that covers the skull.
It consists of five layers.
The first three layers connect with each other, forming a single unit that can move, or slide forward and backward on the fourth layer, which is composed of elastic fibers made of collagen.
This elastic stratum allows the first three components of the scalp to move along a thick membrane that completely covers the external surface of the skull and allows the insertion of muscles and tendons throughout its structure.
That would be the last layer.
The ability of the scalp to move forwards and backwards on the bones of the skull, and its innate elasticity, is a very important factor in the use of our technology.
You will notice its characteristics of mobility, pushing it delicately forwards and backwards with the fingertips along the surface of your head.
Hair covers the skin of the first layer of the scalp.
It grows from the hair bulbs that cover its entire surface.
Moving toward the inner scalp, we find nerves,blood vessels, and a tissue of fibres and tendons, which connect these first layers to the main muscle of the head.
I am going to address this muscle group in the next video of this module: the frontal occipital muscle.
The structure of the hair follicle
Let us talk about the hair follicle now: a structure with the shape of a stretched out stocking, containing various layers and each of them has a different function.
The hair follicle is one of the most delicate parts of our physiology.
It needs a continuous supply of nutrients and oxygen, a job done by the peripheral blood circulation, which helps the follicle stay healthy and continue to produce new hairs by substituting the ones that fall out.
The hair shafts that stick out of your scalp are made of keratinized cells.
The root of the hair sits in the depth of the scalp.
Sack shaped units called sebaceous glands connect to each follicle and produce an oily secretion called “sebum” which humidifies the scalp and the skin, keeping it from drying out.
The main component of the hair is a fibrous protein called Keratin, which forms inside the root during the growing process of the hair itself.
Hair is made of keratin
A process called “keratinization” makes the cells composing the hair harden.
The cells that form continuously at the base of the root push up the old ones, allowing the hair to grow in length.
At the bottom of each hair follicle, there is a small, nipple-like extension into the internal part of the skin, called dermal papilla.
This structure contains several blood vessels which nourishes the hair follicles and brings nutrients and oxygen to the lower layers of the skin cells.
Hair does not grow in a continuous way but in a rhythmic cycle.
The three stages in the life of a hair.
The phase of growth is “Anagen”.
During this phase, the hair grows about 1 cm every month, and stays in this active period of growth from 2 to 6 years.
The time the hair stays in this phase is genetically determined, and that is why it changes from individual to individual.
At the end of anagen, the hair enters in a short transition stage of its life, called “Catagen”, which represents the end of the active growth of a hair.
This lasts for less than a month, while a new hair forms.
The third and last stage is called “Telogen”, a resting phase lasts for about 3 months.
During this period, the hair follicle is completely at rest, and it is preparing to fall out, while the new hair forms.
At any given time, 15% of our hair is in this phase, during which 50 to 100 hairs are lost.
It is a normal physiological phenomenon due to a natural exchange, which should not worry you.
The problem arises when the capillary follicle falls into a crisis and stops producing new hair.
When the growth mechanism changes, a greater amount of hair enters the last phase and falls out.
Hair roots suffering from folliculitis and hair fall
People who suffer from “folliculitis” may see the sequence of the development of a hair quite messed up.
Hair fall may be a consequence.
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